Bethel Indian Town

Proof of Wigwam Brook's Headwaters
Archaeological Pitfalls at Bethel
Historical Proof of Bethel's Location
National Register Nomination
Help Preserve Bethel
David Brainerd's Early Work
From Crosswicks to Bethel
Bethel's Role in the French & Indian War
Bethel in 1752
Documents from the Friends Indian Committee
The New Jersey Association for helping the Indians
Crosswicks Treaty of 1756 & Native Men in Military Service
From Bethel to Brotherton
The Search for Bethel
William Tennent & the Move to Brotherton
Proof of Wigwam Brook's Headwaters
Miscellaneous Notes
Books for Sale
Guest Book


1947 Map Showing Location of the Headwaters, or Springhead of Wigwam Brook
Although it has only been about sixty years since this map was published by the Middlesex County Engineer, some confusion has developed as to the location of Wigwam Brook.  This map, as with the earlier US and State topographical maps are incontrovertible.  The Indian mission was situated at the headwaters of Wigwam.  A similar pattern of Indian settlement is the famous Holicong spring in Buckingham Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania.  From 1771 to 1775, Isaac Still (formerly of Bethel and Brotherton), gathered New Jersey Indians there in anticipation of migrating to the west.  Holicong Spring was an historic site of long-standing Indian occupation.
Wigwam Brook's beginning is located at  the intersection of Perrineville Road and Schoolhouse Road in Monroe Township, above the O and N in the word Monroe on this map.

American Indian Historical Research

For information on Brotherton & Weekping

For information on Weequehela & Spotswood, NJ

For information on the Gnadenhutten Massacre

For information on the Indian Company of 1778